The discovery of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, and timely adjustment of blood glucose values directly reflect the degree of actual glucose metabolic disorder. Glycemic control is the overall control of blood glucose throughout the day. Many factors can cause the fluctuation of blood glucose of patients, such as unreasonable diet, excessive drinking; improper movement; the influence of drugs (drugs or other drugs used improperly); mood swings; stress (such as colds, fever, trauma, surgery, pregnancy and in other chronic diseases, etc.)... A lot of people's blood sugar can... All is in a state of fluctuation. Self monitoring of blood sugar is to understand the fluctuations in blood glucose levels in patients during the day. The monitoring of blood glucose should include monitoring both before and after meals and nighttime blood sugar.
The monitoring of blood sugar before and after meals is beneficial to adjust the dosage, variety and time of hypoglycemic drugs.
Night glucose monitoring helps to detect nocturnal hypoglycemia and morning fasting hyperglycemia. Before going to bed or at night 3 or so, blood sugar is too high or too low, the morning will be high blood sugar phenomenon, but the treatment is entirely different. Therefore, if there is obvious discomfort in the patient's sleep, we should increase the blood sugar monitoring at bedtime or around 3 o'clock in the evening, so as to provide a reference for doctors, so as to make treatment more reasonable.
It is very important to know the level of insulin and the monitoring of blood sugar in different periods. The morning before breakfast or fasting blood glucose reflect human basic state of insulin secretion level, if higher than normal blood sugar (> 6 mmol / L) insulin based insufficient or patients are not sensitive to insulin action; postprandial blood glucose reflect an increase in glucose uptake after additional insulin secretion level. Patients with medication or dietary control, in particular, need to observe postprandial blood sugar. 2 hours postprandial blood sugar is one of the important indicators to monitor blood sugar. Normal people are less than 8 mmol / L, and the higher the 2 postprandial blood glucose levels, the greater the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications.
Determine the way of exercise, the amount of time and amount of exercise that will help the uptake and use of glucose, but intense exercise will keep the body in a state of emergency. Exercise can begin to increase blood sugar, with the movement of time, the amount of exercise and physical exertion, blood sugar will be reduced, and even lead to hypoglycemia. Therefore, the blood sugar should be monitored before and after exercise, so as to formulate a proper exercise style, exercise time and amount of exercise.
It should be noted that the glucose meter is a monitoring tool, not a diagnostic tool. Some people who have diabetes are testing their friends. It's wrong to diagnose diabetes on a single data basis. In addition a slightly higher blood glucose of diabetes not found, immediately adjust the dosage, before a meal after meal, each time the check, if it is really quite high, to attract attention, and consult a doctor promptly, do not blindly self change in treatment.